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HealthOlder age, continual co-morbidities related to extra extreme COVID illness in kids

Older age, continual co-morbidities related to extra extreme COVID illness in kids

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Over the course of the pandemic, researchers nationwide observed variations in COVID-19 illness between kids and adults.

While risk factors for hospitalization and poor outcomes are effectively documented in adults, much less is understood in regards to the medical components related to COVID illness severity in kids.

In an effort to assist mitigation strategies for youngsters who’re at excessive threat of creating extreme COVID illness, a bunch of physicians at Monroe Carell Jr. Children’s Hospital at Vanderbilt studied information from 45 kids’s hospitals across the nation—20,000 sufferers had been included.

“This is one of the largest multicenter studies of children with COVID-19 in the United States,” mentioned James Antoon, MD, Ph.D., FAAP, assistant professor of Pediatrics at Children’s Hospital and lead writer of the examine.

“And given the recent, concerning increases in COVID cases nationwide and the fact that the vast majority of children remain unvaccinated and susceptible, these findings should be taken into account when considering preventive strategies in schools and planning vaccinations when available for children less than 12 years of age,” he mentioned.

The examine, “Factors Associated with COVID-19 Disease Severity in U.S. Children,” printed within the Journal of Hospital Medicine, decided the components related to extreme illness and poor well being outcomes amongst kids presenting to the hospital with COVID. These included older age and continual co-morbidities akin to weight problems, diabetes and neurologic circumstances, amongst others.

“These components assist establish vulnerable children who’re more than likely to require hospitalization or develop extreme COVID-19 illness,” mentioned Antoon. “Our findings also highlight children who should be prioritized for COVID-19 vaccines when approved by the FDA.”

The retrospective cohort study famous that roughly 1 out of each 4 kids admitted to the hospital with COVID developed extreme illness and required ICU care throughout April and September, 2020.

“Across the country there is a raging debate on how best to protect children and schools from COVID-19,” mentioned Antoon. “Some kids are at elevated threat for extra extreme disease and plenty of of them should not but eligible for vaccination in opposition to COVID.

“With schools opening and some already in session, these children need to be protected by vaccinating as many people as possible while also using practical strategies to limit spread, such as masking, distancing and ventilation.”

Study investigators hope that the findings will buoy mitigation efforts that proved most helpful for children and adolescents through the pandemic, together with distant studying, social distancing, hand-washing and mask-wearing each for college students and lecturers.


New COVID-19 cases, ED visits up for children since July 2021


More info:
James W Antoon et al, Factors Associated With COVID-19 Disease Severity in US Children and Adolescents, J Hosp Med. (2021). DOI: 10.12788/jhm.3689

Citation:
Older age, continual co-morbidities related to extra extreme COVID illness in kids (2021, September 15)
retrieved 15 September 2021
from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-09-older-age-chronic-co-morbidities-severe.html

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